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IBS Conferences

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DirectorNAM Hong Gil

  • NAM Hong Gil DirectorNAM Hong Gil

Presenting a new paradigm in the studies of senescence and life-history strategies

Contact Info

Tel. +82-53-785-1857

Fax. +82-53-785-1859

Address

IBS Center for Plant Aging Research
DGIST R5, Techno jungang-daero 333, Hyeonpung-myeon, Dalseong-gun, Daegu

Director
Director NAM Hong Gil

Director NAM Hong Gil

Prof. Hong Gil Nam in the Department of New Biology at DGIST has pioneered the genetic analysis of aging in plants since 1997.
He performed the first systematic genetic screen for aging mutants and thereafter revealed aging regulatory components in plants, utilizing Arabidopsis leaf senescence as a model system.
These research experiences led him to a scientific vision that aging and death in plants are ‘a life history strategy’ that increases evolutionary fitness and are far more programmed than conventionally thought.
Prof. Nam was selected to be one of Directors of the IBS Centers in 2012, and then established the Center for Plant Aging Research to pursue systems understanding of aging and death in plants from the perspective of a life history strategy.

Introduction
graphic image for Research Center

Understanding life history strategies and senescence at the system-level

  • - Defining spatio-temporal network dynamics of key regulatory modules by adopting the methodology of molecular genetics and seeking a system-level understanding
  • - Identifying key molecular and cellular mechanisms regulating the life cycle of plants
  • - Elucidating influences of endogeneous and exogeneous signals on the life cycle of plants
  • - Identifying the meaning of the life history strategy and senescence in terms of evolution
  • - Developing methods to improve the productivity of crop plants by controlling their life history strategies and senescence
Main research activities

Plant senescence and death represent a very important and unique aspect of life: While most biological studies are concerned with how biogenesis is achieved, plant senescence provides a novel window to the ways in which the orderly, regulated disassembly of cells, organs, and organisms occurs. Plant senescence and death have a biological purpose in the sense that the nutrients derived from the disassembly process are passed on to progeny as a parental investment. In fact, many of the grains we eat are "nutrients" derived from the senescing leaves of crops. The modulation of senescence therefore has huge potential to improve plant productivity. One of biology's unresolved fundamental questions is this: How is time and the aging process incorporated in the developmental cycle of plant senescence?

The overall goal of this project is to gain insight into the system-level senescence and cell-death processes of plants, from the perspective of a life-history strategy. Acquiring such knowledge at molecular, cellular, intercellular, organ, and organismal levels will lead to breakthroughs that significantly improve plant productivity.

We intend to build core technology units in cooperation with group leaders and Daegu Gyeongbuk Institute of Science and Technology (DGIST), focusing our efforts on the computational unit, super-resolution and sensitivity-imaging unit, chemical genetics unit, systems genetics unit, and phenome unit. All the core technology units will be world-class, world-leading operations.
This study will provide an unprecedentedly detailed understanding of molecular events that clearly illustrates spatio-temporal multilayered networks and modules on this scientifically interesting and important subject. Furthermore, because plant productivity is highly influenced by senescence, our study can significantly contribute to resolving global problems (e.g., food and energy shortages; excessive carbon dioxide emissions). All organisms undergo aging and eventually die. Life history, senescence, and death are fundamental and philosophical matters for human beings. This study, which creates new paradigms for understanding life history and senescence, may also provide a crucial breakthrough in our understanding of age-dependent senescence and death.

Organization

Organization

Main research results
  • Abiotic synthesis of purine and pyrimidine ribonucleosides in aqueous microdroplets
    (PNAS, 2018)
  • A Lignin Molecular Brace Controls Precision Processing of Cell Walls Critical for Surface Integrity in Arabidopsis
    (Cell, 2018)
  • Time-evolving genetic networks reveal a NAC troika that negatively regulates leaf senescence in Arabidopsis
    (PNAS, 2018)
  • Circadian control of ORE1 by PRR9 positively regulates leaf senescence in Arabidopsis
    (PNAS, 2018)
  • Balanced Nucleocytosolic Partitioning Defines a Spatial Network to Coordinate Circadian Physiology in Plants
    (Development Cell, 2013)
Personnel
Personnel status
Total38
Gender14(Male), 24(Female)
Korean/ International36(Korean), 2(International)
Degree
Position

As of October. 2019

Research

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Content Manager
Center for Plant Aging Research : Kim Sun Hee   053-785-1857
Last Update 2019-11-06 14:52