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Unconventional phenomena triggered by acoustic waves in 2D materials 게시판 상세보기
Title Unconventional phenomena triggered by acoustic waves in 2D materials
Embargo date 2019-07-24 09:19 Hits 387
Research Center Center for Theoretical Physics of Complex Systems
Press release
att.

Unconventional phenomena triggered by acoustic waves in 2D materials

- Opening a new way to manipulate valley transport by acoustic methods -

Researchers at the Center for Theoretical Physics of Complex Systems (PCS), within the Institute for Basic Science (IBS, South Korea), and colleagues have reported a novel phenomenon, called Valley Acoustoelectric Effect, which takes place in 2D materials, similar to graphene. This research is published in Physical Review Letters and brings new insights to the study of valleytronics.

Figure 1: System schematic. Two interdigital transducers (IDTs) generate and detect surface acoustic waves (SAWs, orange arrow). In-between the IDTs, these waves interact with the electrons of a 2D material, such as molybdenum disulfide (MoS2), giving rise to conventional and unconventional acoustoelectric currents. MoS2 is separated from the piezoelectric substrate by a dielectric layer.▲ Figure 1: System schematic. Two interdigital transducers (IDTs) generate and detect surface acoustic waves (SAWs, orange arrow). In-between the IDTs, these waves interact with the electrons of a 2D material, such as molybdenum disulfide (MoS2), giving rise to conventional and unconventional acoustoelectric currents. MoS2 is separated from the piezoelectric substrate by a dielectric layer.

In acoustoelectronics, surface acoustic waves (SAWs) are employed to generate electric currents. In this study, the team of theoretical physicists modelled the propagation of SAWs in emerging 2D materials, such as single-layer molybdenum disulfide (MoS2). SAWs drag MoS2 electrons (and holes), creating an electric current with conventional and unconventional components. The latter consists of two contributions: a warping-based current and a Hall current. The first is direction-dependent, is related to the so-called valleys – electrons’ local energy minima – and resembles one of the mechanisms that explains photovoltaic effects of 2D materials exposed to light. The second is due to a specific effect (Berry phase) that affects the velocity of these electrons travelling as a group and resulting in intriguing phenomena, such as anomalous and quantum Hall effects.

The team analyzed the properties of the acoustoelectric current, suggesting a way to run and measure the conventional, warping, and Hall currents independently. This allows the simultaneous use of both optical and acoustic techniques to control the propagation of charge carriers in novel 2D materials, creating new logical devices.

The researchers are interested in controlling the physical properties of these ultra-thin systems, in particular those electrons that are free to move in two dimensions, but tightly confined in the third. By curbing the parameters of the electrons, in particular their momentum, spin, and valley, it will be possible to explore technologies beyond silicon electronics. For example, MoS2 has two district valleys, which could be potentially used in the future for bit storage and processing, making it an ideal material to delve into valleytronics.

“Our theory opens a way to manipulate valley transport by acoustic methods, expanding the applicability of valleytronic effects on acoustoelectronic devices,” explains Ivan Savenko, leader of the Light-Matter Interaction in Nanostructures Team at PCS.

Figure 2: Angular patterns of the x- and y- components of the conventional (a, d), warping (b, e) and Hall (c, f) electric current density. Yellow shading marks the areas of negative current (directed opposite to x- or y-axis). Red dots manifest the special angles, at which only the unconventional current flows along the x- or y-direction.
▲ Figure 2: Angular patterns of the x- and y- components of the conventional (a, d), warping (b, e) and Hall (c, f) electric current density. Yellow shading marks the areas of negative current (directed opposite to x- or y-axis). Red dots manifest the special angles, at which only the unconventional current flows along the x- or y-direction.

Letizia Diamante, Ivan Savenko

Notes for editors

- References
Kalameitsev, A. V., Kovalev, V. M., & Savenko, I. G. (2019). Valley Acoustoelectric Effect. Physical Review Letters, 122(25), 256801. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.122.256801

- Media Contact
For further information or to request media assistance, please contact: Mr. Kyungyoon Min, Head of Communications Team, Institute for Basic Science (IBS) (+82-42-878-8156, kymin@ibs.re.kr); or Ms. Carol Kim, Global Officer, Communications Team, IBS (+82-42-878-8133, clitie620@ibs.re.kr)

- About the Institute for Basic Science (IBS)
IBS was founded in 2011 by the government of the Republic of Korea with the sole purpose of driving forward the development of basic science in South Korea. IBS has launched 30 research centers as of January 2019. There are nine physics, two mathematics, six chemistry, seven life science, one earth science, and five interdisciplinary research centers.

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