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Phase Estimation of Nonlinear State-space Model of the Circadian Pacemaker Using Level Set Kalman Filter and Raw Wearable Data
June 10 @ 1:00 pm - 2:00 pm KST
Daejeon, 34126 Korea, Republic of
Circadian rhythm is a robust internal 24 hours timekeeping mechanism maintained by the master circadian pacemaker Suprachiasmatic Nuclei (SCN). Numerous mathematical models have been proposed to capture SCN’s timekeeping mechanism and predict the circadian phase. There has been an increased demand for applying these models to the various unexplored data sets. One potential application is on data from commercially available wearable devices, which provide the noninvasive measurements of physiological proxies, such as activity and heart rate. Using these physiological proxies, we can estimate the circadian phase of the central and peripheral circadian pacemakers. Here, we propose a new framework for estimating the circadian phase using wearable data and the Level Set Kalman Filter on the nonlinear state-space model of the human circadian pacemaker. Analysis of over 200,000 days of wearable data from over 3,000 subjects using our framework successfully identified misalignment in central and peripheral pacemakers with a significantly smaller uncertainty than previous methods.