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Fundamental limits on the suppression of molecular fluctuations

January 7 @ 1:00 pm - 2:00 pm KST

B378 Seminar room, IBS, 55 Expo-ro Yuseong-gu
Daejeon, 34126 Korea, Republic of

Speaker

Jinsu Kim
UC Irvine

We will discuss about “Fundamental limits on the suppression of molecular fluctuations”, Lestas et al, Nature, 2010

Abstract: Negative feedback is common in biological processes and can increase a system’s stability to internal and external perturbations. But at the molecular level, control loops always involve signalling steps with finite rates for random births and deaths of individual molecules. Here we show, by developing mathematical tools that merge control and information theory with physical chemistry, that seemingly mild constraints on these rates place severe limits on the ability to suppress molecular fluctuations. Specifically, the minimum standard deviation in abundances decreases with the quartic root of the number of signalling events, making it extremely expensive to increase accuracy. Our results are formulated in terms of experimental observables, and existing data show that cells use brute force when noise suppression is essential; for example, regulatory genes are transcribed tens of thousands of times per cell cycle. The theory challenges conventional beliefs about biochemical accuracy and presents an approach to the rigorous analysis of poorly characterized biological systems.

Details

Date:
January 7
Time:
1:00 pm - 2:00 pm KST
Event Category:

Venue

B378 Seminar room, IBS
55 Expo-ro Yuseong-gu
Daejeon, 34126 Korea, Republic of

Organizer

Jae Kyoung Kim
Email:
jaekkim@kaist.ac.kr
IBS 의생명수학그룹 Biomedical Mathematics Group
기초과학연구원 수리및계산과학연구단 의생명수학그룹
대전 유성구 엑스포로 55 (우) 34126
IBS Biomedical Mathematics Group (BIMAG)
Institute for Basic Science (IBS)
55 Expo-ro Yuseong-gu Daejeon 34126 South Korea
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