주요메뉴 바로가기 본문 바로가기

주메뉴

IBS Conferences
IBS Team Detects Hot Electrons in Real Time 게시판 상세보기

IBS Team Detects Hot Electrons in Real Time - The Center for Nanomaterials and Chemical Reactions fabricated a graphene-semiconductor catalytic nanodiode for improved conductivity of graphene-based nanostructures -

March 10, 2016

From converting vehicle exhaust fumes into less harmful gases to refining petroleum, most commercial chemical applications require nanocatalysts since they can reduce the required time and costs by controlling the rate of chemical reactions. The catalytic activity and selectivity largely depends on their physical properties (size, shape, and composition) as well as the electronic characteristics - the dynamics of hot (high energy) electrons on the surface and interface of catalysts. Though the catalyst industry is constantly growing, it’s challenging to permit electric currents to nanocatalysts in order to detect hot electrons and measure the catalytic efficiency.

In a new study, the Institute for Basic Science (IBS) team working under the Center’s group leader, Professor PARK Jeong Young, created a catalytic nanodiode composed of a single layer of graphene and titanium film (TiO2) that enabled the detection of hot electrons on platinum nanoparticles (Pt NPs). This breakthrough research developed a catalytic nanodiode that allowed the team to observe in real time the flow of hot electrons generated by chemical reactions. Since hot electrons are created when excess energy from the surface of a chemical reaction is permitted to dissipate in femtosecond, they are deemed as an indicator for the catalystic activity. However, the quick thermalization of hot electrons makes the direct detection of hot electrons quite difficult for clarifying the electronic effect on catalytic activity on metal nanoparticles. In this study, researchers extracted ‘hot carriers’ from a metal catalyst using a graphene-semiconductor junction.


▲ H2O formation on the surface of the Pt NPsgrapheneTiO2 nanodiodes

A new approach

The scientific team experiments differed to previous attempts where gold was used which proved to be inefficient, unstable and expensive. The team from the Center for Nanomaterials and Chemical Reactions experimented on a single layer of graphene, grown on a copper film before being transported to TiO2 where Pt NPs were later deposited. Graphene, the 2D wonder material, was used because of its unique electronic and chemical properties. When integrated with metal NPs, tremendous improvements in the conductivity performance between the supporting material and the platinum NPs were observed by the team. The catalytic activity and amount of hot electrons were measured; the results showed that the catalytic activity and the generation of hot electrons are well-matched and the reaction mechanism can be studied with hot electrons dynamic. “Graphene-based nanostructures, such as ours are promising detectors for the study of hot electron dynamics on metal NPs during the course of catalytic reactions” confirmed the team’s paper.


▲ Graphene-based catalytic nanodiodes


▲ Chemicurrent as a function of TOF for H2 oxidation, measured at diff

The team’s work, according to their paper, highlights the lowered contact resistance at the Pt NPs/ graphene interface is the main characteristic leading to efficient hot electron detection on the nanocatalysts in the graphene- based catalytic nanodiode. By utilizing a single layer of graphene for electrical connection of the Pt NPs it allowed for easier observation of hot electrons because of both the atomically thin nature of graphene and the reduced height of the potential barrier existing at the Pt NPs/ graphene interface. The research conducted at IBS can, potentially, help design catalytic and energy materials with improved performances and lower costs. First author and Ph.D. student Hyosun LEE stated: “Even though there is still the potential for improving the quality of the graphene layer itself and its contact with the TiO2, the approach presented here offers a new way to study the roles of graphene during heterogeneous catalysis.”

Neil Mannix

Notes for editors

- References
Hyosun Lee, Ievgen I. Nedrygailov, Young Keun Lee, Changhwan Lee, Hongkyw Choi, Jin Sik Choi, Choon-Gi Choi and Jeong Young Park (2016) Graphene-Semiconductor Catalytic Nanodiodes for Quantitative Detection of Hot Electrons Induced by a Chemical Reaction, Nano Letters, DOI: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.5b04506

- Media Contact
For further information or to request media assistance, please contact: Mr. Shi Bo Shim, Head of Department of Communications, Institute for Basic Science (+82-42-878-8189; sibo@ibs.re.kr) or Ms. Dahee Carol Kim, Department of Communications, Institute for Basic Science (+82-42-878-8133; clitie620@ibs.re.kr)

- About the Institute for Basic Science (IBS)
IBS was founded in 2011 by the government of the Republic of Korea with the sole purpose of driving forward the development of basic science in South Korea It comprises a total of 50 research centers in all fields of basic science, including mathematics, physics, chemistry, life science, earth science and interdisciplinary science. IBS has launched 26 research centers as of March 2016. There are eight physics, one mathematics, six chemistry, eight life science, and three interdisciplinary research centers.

Center for Nanomaterials and Chemical Reactions

Publication Repository
박정영
Park, Jeong Young 이메일 보내기 Center for Nanomaterials and Chemical Reactions Publications
  • [Technobahn] IBS Team Detects Hot Electrons in Real Time
  • [ScienceNewsline] IBS Team Detects Hot Electrons in Real Time
  • [ECN Magazine] Research Team Detects Hot Electrons in Real Time
  • [Science Daily] Hot electrons detected in real time
  • [Alpha Galileo] IBS Team Detects Hot Electrons in Real Time
  • [Science Codex] IBS team detects hot electrons in real time
  • [EurekAlert!] IBS team detects hot electrons in real time
  • [Nanowerk] Detecting hot electrons in real time with a graphene-semiconductor catalytic nanodiode
  • [Phys.org] Research team detects hot electrons in real time
  • Research

    Are you satisfied with the information on this page?

    Content Manager
    Department of Communications : Han-Seob, Kim   042-878-8186
    Last Update 2017-11-15 02:43